Tail is dark green with black outer tail feathers. In service to the natural world, we work with communities around the globe to inspire and inform conservation. Taxon: Bird Range: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and the Caribbean Status: Proposed for listing as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act The black-capped petrel is a seabird found in North America and the Caribbean, and is known by several common names: black-capped petrel, capped petrel, and West Indian petrel in North America and on English-speaking islands. They do not make the "eagle scream" as often shown on the television. The female is larger than the male with a longer bill and has a little red-brown color. Eastern populations are red-brown, Northwestern birds are more brown, and Western Interior birds are gray-brown. Upper mandible is dark. Flies in V or straight line formation. Gray legs, feet. The sexes are similar, but the males are usually larger than females, with a larger bill, head and tarsi. Cassin's Vireo: Small vireo, olive-gray upperparts, white underparts, pale yellow flanks. The sexes are similar. The tail is broadly tipped with white, but this is best visible from below or in flight. Light phase adult has pale gray-brown head and underparts. If you are going to be an expert backyard birder, and get the most from your hobby, then you will need to be able to identify the different bird species that visit your yard. Peregrine Falcons live mostly along mountain ranges, river valleys, coastlines, and, increasingly, in cities. The female is dull brown with a white patch on the face at base of bill. White rump. Feeds on fish, aquatic insects, and their larvae. The female builds a nest in a protected location in a shrub or tree. Adults have a black back and tail with a red head and neck. Light morph has white breast, belly and dark gray upperparts. In mild climates, such as the Pacific Northwest, due to a lack of former predators, some of the population has become non-migratory. Both sexes are similar in appearance. Bill is pink with dark tip. Yellow eyes surrounded by orange eye-rings. Prefers to walk rather than fly. Purple Sandpiper: Medium sandpiper, upperparts are scaled gray-brown, crown is dark, and white underparts are streaked. Swift direct flight on rapidly beating wings. Sage Thrasher: Small thrasher, gray upperparts, dark-streaked white underparts with pale brown wash. Wing linings are white. Underwing coverts are white. The range extends south through Florida, Mexico and the Caribbean to South America. It shows white wing linings in flight. Red-tipped black bill has yellow patch on upper mandible. Both of those species are extremely rare, if not extinct. Black-tipped yellow bill is long and straight. Hovers more than other bluebirds and drops on prey from above, also catches insects in flight. White-tailed Ptarmigan: Small grouse, mottled brown overall, white on wings, breast, belly, red eye comb, white-edged brown tail, legs covered with white feathers. Eagles that are old enough to breed often return to the area where they were born. Bald Eagles normally squeak and have a shrill cry, punctuated by grunts. Buoyant, graceful pigeon-like flight with fluttering wing strokes alternating with soaring glides. The taxonomy of the towhees has been under debate in recent decades, and formerly this bird and the Spotted Towhee were considered a single species, the Rufous-sided … White chin and throat. Weak fluttering flight on shallow wing beats. Although many species of bird imitate other birds, the Northern Mockingbird is the best known in North America for doing so. The Great Lakes region maintains a very large population of Canada Geese. Fork-tailed Flycatcher: Medium-sized flycatcher with pale gray upperparts, black head, inconspicuous yellow crown stripe, and white underparts. Eye color of the pigeon is generally orange but a few pigeons may have white-grey eyes. They often nest in colonies, some being quite large. Greater White-fronted Goose: This medium-sized goose has a dark-brown body and the underparts are barred and flecked with black. Small gull, pale gray upperparts, gray-white nape, white neck with thin black collar, and white, wedge-shaped tail; underparts are variably pink. The adult male has an iridescent ruby red throat patch (gorget) narrowly bordered in black at the upper margin, which may appear black in some lighting, and a dark forked tail. Their breeding habitat is open and semi-open areas across North America east of the Rocky Mountains. It has a thin, short black bill and black legs and feet. Reproduction is negatively affected by human disturbance, particularly during the beginning of nesting. Head has white forehead patch edged in black and white eyebrows joining above bill. Dark bill, thick and heavy; short, broad tail. Wings are dark with two white bars. Head has black face patch, white eyebrows. The eyes are yellow and the bill is blue-gray with a black tip. Several regional forms are recognized and differ in bill proportion and overall size from each other across North America, generally being smallest in the southeast and the far west. Short flight, alternates several rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. These birds forage on the ground or in trees. The Red-winged Blackbird feeds primarily on plant seeds, including weeds and waste grain, but about a quarter of its diet consists of insects, spiders, mollusks and other small animals, considerably more so during breeding season (Srygley & Kingsolver 1998). Birdsong is one of the nicest aspects of the outdoors. Adults (40-49 cm long, 250-350 g weight) are mainly black with a red crest and a white line down the sides of the throat. Although it is a relatively strong flier, it also glides frequently, holding its wings in a very pronounced V shape as it does. Solitary, or in pairs and family groups. The flight is often described as arrowy, but is not remarkably swift. Direct and hovering flight with very rapid wing beats. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. They are 9 to 10.5 inches long, and have a wingspan of 15 to 18 inches. This can cause the Osprey to be pulled into the water, where it may either swim to safety or succumb to hypothermia and drown. Forages in trees and bushes. Diet includes fish, crustaceans and insects. Anhinga: Large, dark waterbird with long tail, snake-like neck, small head, red eyes, and long olive-brown bill. Yellow legs and feet. Their annoying sound can cause dismay to a person who wishes to sleep peacefully at night. Their courtship flight includes a mix of aerial acrobatics, precise spirals, and steep dives. Some males show green on back and head. Wings are black with white patches. It has a direct steady flight on heavy and labored wing beats, with a slow down stroke and a rapid and jerky upstroke. Others such as the House Wren are insectivores. It is a conspicuous species, usually easily seen. Burrowing Owl: Small ground-dwelling owl, mostly brown with numerous white spots and no ear tufts. White-tailed Tropicbird: This large white bird has a long black bar on upperwing coverts and outer primaries, black loral mask which extends through and past the eye, yellow-orange bill, white tail streamers, yellow legs and feet and black webbed toes. It is a migratory species with a western Palearctic range, including Turkey and north Africa, though it is rare in northern Scandinavia and Russia; it winters in southern Africa. These birds forage at night, catching insects in flight. When breeding where there are no trees, the Bald Eagle will nest on the ground. Males tend to call and drum more frequently than females, but both sexes call. Throat and breast are paler blue, and belly and undertail coverts are white. Whatbird.com logo design courtesy of The Haller Company. The black head and neck with white "chinstrap" distinguish this goose from all except the Barnacle Goose, but the latter has a black breast, and grey, rather than brownish, body plumage. This is one of three species colloquially known in the United States as the "chickenhawk". Upperwings are dark gray with pale gray patches. They show white on the wings in flight. It was named for the state where it was first discovered, where it is an uncommon migrant. Direct flight with graceful, shallow wing beats. If the nest is abandoned or destroyed, the female may lay a replacement clutch. Bill is pink. The scientific name means "little digger.". Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Wings noticeably long on perched bird. Tail is long and scissor-like, black above with white outer edges and white below with black inner edges. Eyes are red. The head, neck and back are grey-brown; they have a light breast with barring. Chevron-shaped white forehead patch extends behind eye. Bill is bright red with black tip. It has a rufous crown, white eye ring and dark brown wings. Juvenile birds are readily identified by the buff fringes to the upperpart plumage, buff tone to the underparts, and streaked crown. eBird has revolutionized the way that the birding community reports and accesses information about birds. These social pairings potentially result in the formation of a mate bond and subsequent female fertilization and egg formation. Yellow eyes are relatively small. It has a direct flight with strong, shallow wing beats. On the other hand, a growing number of city-dwelling Falcons find that feral pigeons and Common Starlings provide plenty of food. Conversely, the planting of trees in the west provided nest sites where there had been none. Nape is chestnut-brown, crown is black, and throat is white. Strong direct flight with rapid wing beats. Old eyries may be 2 meters in diameter and 1 meter in height, as the eagles enlarge their nests every year. Tail is forked; legs and feet are dark gray. https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Field_Guide/Birds/Eastern_US_and_Canada They nest on the ground, in shaded locations, among dead leaves, and usually lay two creamy eggs. Hooked bill is dark, legs are pink. It has a dark bill, yellow eyes and black legs and feet. AKA Common Guillemot. The wings have distinct black bars on white undersides. There are three species of bluebird; the Eastern Bluebird, the Mountain Bluebird, and the Western Bluebird. These birds forage on the ground, in shallow water or in shrubs; they will steal food from other birds. Slow, deep wing beats. To acquire food, it plunge dives from 30 to 50 feet. The bill is moderately long, straight and very slender. Also, they have a particular preference for high places, such as the topmost branches of trees. The male is smaller than the female, and has a slightly shorter bill. It eats a variety of plant species and parts, especially grasses, sedges, grain and berries. Discover the birds—and bird behaviors—most commonly encountered in Massachusetts. It has a buoyant, zigzag flight, alternating several rapid wing beats. The legs and feet are red. The small gallery shows an additional fourteen bird species that are common backyard birds. Central American races are largely resident. These birds mainly eat insects (especially beetle larvae and carpenter ants) as well as fruits, berries and nuts. The tail is white with dark bars and the legs and feet are dark gray. Mute Swan: Aggressive bird, entirely white, orange bill with large black basal knob and naked black lores. They mate for life and return to the same nesting spot annually. It feeds on squid and fish. They often travel with small mixed flocks in winter. Immature birds, or birds that are only a few years old, can also readily be identified by having yellowish irises. Outer tail feathers are white. Over 140 different species of birds are known to have raised young cowbirds. The first chick to hatch usually becomes more experienced in food handling and aggressive interactions with siblings, and so often grows more quickly than the other chicks. length of 28 cm (11 in) and a weight of 155 g (5½ oz). The wings are short with white spotted black tips. It has a rapid direct flight with strong, quick wing beats. Dives for small fish, crustaceans. The head is gray, bill is short and slightly decurved. Adult Herring Gulls are similar to Ring-billed Gulls but are much larger, have pinkish legs, and a much thicker yellow bill with more pronounced lower bill. It has a buoyant, graceful flight with steady wing beats. Black legs, feet. It has a dark brown-and-white striped crown, sharply pointed bill and brown tail with white edges. The young do not leave their parents until after the spring migration, when they return to their birthplace. Head has brown cap, white eyebrows, and dark eye-lines. Female has olive-yellow upperparts and dull yellow underparts. Weak fluttering flight with shallow wing beats. This list of birds of North Carolina includes species documented in the U.S. state of North Carolina and accepted by the North Carolina Bird Records Committee (NCBRC) of the Carolina Bird Club. Eyes are yellow. Head is black and eyes are red. Gray catbirds are not afraid of predators and respond to them aggressively to them by flashing their wings and tails and by making their signature mew sounds. ... EASTERN TOWHEE. Common Ringed Plover: Plump little plover with dark gray-brown upperparts, pure white underparts, and strong black mask and chest band. Chuck-will's-widow: Large nightjar with entire body complexly mottled with brown, gray, and black. In most, the adults' tails are rusty red above, and juveniles have narrow brown and pale bands. Alternates series of powerful deep wing beats with long glides. The syrinx of gray catbirds has an unusual structure that not only allows them to make mewing sounds like that of a cat but also allows them to imitate other birds, tree frogs, and even mechanical sounds that they hear. Bill, legs and feet are black. Lives most of its life above timberline. Eastern populations have seriously declined since the 1960s. Black-headed Grosbeak: Large, stocky finch, black-streaked, orange-brown back, black head, wings, tail. It will often wait motionless for prey, or slowly stalk its victim. If the first clutch of eggs is unsuccessful, a breeding pair (may be the same pair or a different pair as that which led to the previous nesting attempt) will attempt to lay, incubate, and hatch additional clutches. Legs and feet are gray. Wings and spectacularly long, deeply forked tail are black. Exceptionally, weights of 11.3 kg and a wingspan of 224 cm have been recorded in the largest race. It has a swift direct flight with rapid wing beats. Some are frequent visitors at backyard feeders. The call is a deep hollow ooo-wooooo. Forages on ground and in trees and bushes. It will feed on invertebrates of all types, carrion, scraps of human food, seeds, eggs and nestlings, stranded fish on the shore and various grains. It feeds on parrot fish, flatfish, mullets and other fish. Pacific Loon: This medium-sized loon has a black-and-white checkered back and white underparts. Feeds on fish, krill and squid. White-winged Dove: Medium-sized, stout dove with gray-brown upperparts, gray underparts, and small, black crescent below eye. The White-tipped Dove has an approx. This bird flies with strong deliberate wing beats. Loggerhead Shrike: Medium shrike with gray upperparts and paler gray underparts. AKA snakebird and water turkey. Buff-breasted Sandpiper: This medium-sized sandpiper has a buff wash over the entire body except for the white vent. Sexes are similar. In flight, the head is held close to and aligned with the body by a downward bend in the long neck. Hovers before dipping for prey. Although very numerous, these birds are highly dependent on a few key stopover habitats during their migration, notably, Shepody Bay, an arm of the Bay of Fundy. Feeds on seeds, spiders, and insects. One brood is raised each year. Alternates rapid wing beats with brief periods of wings pulled to sides. Breeding in open or semi-open country across most of North America, this bird is a brood parasite: it lays its eggs in the nests of other small perching birds, particularly those that build cup-like nests, such as the Yellow Warbler. Whitish underparts; underwings have brown trailing edge. While protecting their young, parents often violently chase away nearby creatures, from small blackbirds to other geese, to humans that approach, after warning them by giving off a hissing sound. Varied Thrush: Large thrush, dark gray upperparts, rust-brown throat, breast, sides, eyebrows, black breast band, and white belly and undertail. Males weigh 3.5–6.5 kg, and can be very aggressive in defending territory. This species is distinguishable from the Golden Eagle in that the latter has feathers which extend down the legs. Legs, feet are pink-brown. The upperwings are gray with black primaries and white secondaries. Legs and feet are black. Direct flight with rapid wing beats. Feeds on insects, fish, worms, small crustaceans and seeds. It was named for Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark expedition. In some areas, they are now considered a pest by farmers because of their large numbers and fondness for grain. They also have a weaker or non-existent breast band than the female, and more uniformly pale underwing coverts. There are birds in urban areas. It forages on the ground by walking and running. Strong direct flight with constant shallow wingbeats. The wings and tail are dark gray. Strong and fast flight on rapidly beating wings. Tail is black with strongly contrasting white outer tail feathers. Franklin's Gull: This medium-sized gull has a gray back and white underparts. Learn about all the Commonwealth's breeding bird species in the Breeding Bird Atlas 2. The adult male is mainly iridescent black with a brown head. Underparts are white except for black upper breast band. Sometimes called Swamp Warbler. It has a gray crown and nape, red eyes and a slender black bill. The eggs are incubated by both parents for about 18 days. Read More. It has a direct flight with rapid wing beats. House Sparrow. When migrating north, these birds travel in single-sex flocks, and the males usually arrive a few days before the females. Crown has two dark stripes. Perches upright and remains still for long periods of time and is easily overlooked. Black crown, nape separated from gray-brown upperparts by whitish collar. The Osprey is particularly well adapted to its fish diet, with reversible outer toes, closable nostrils to keep out water during dives, and backwards facing scales on the talons which act as barbs to help hold its catch. Legs are long, and greenish-yellow in color. Soars on thermals and updrafts. Adults have black legs and a short stout straight dark bill. Eastern Towhee. Diet includes fish, crabs, clams, eggs, carrion and garbage. Dark red belly patch. Wings and tail are iridescent blue and green-black. The tail is long, dark, and round-tipped. Throat feathers are long, purple-red, appearing as streaks on a white background, whiskers when fluffed out, or dark, inverted V when folded. Strong, swift and direct flight with rapidly beating wings. Black head has two white facial stripes. Light buff-yellow wash on crown of head extending down nape may be visible. Eyes are yellow. The Great Egret is partially migratory, with northern hemisphere birds moving south from areas with cold winters. Wings are long and narrow. Short low flights, alternates rapid wing beats with wings pulled to sides. Ruby-throated hummingbirds are solitary. The breeding habitat is throughout most of eastern North America and southern Canada, in deciduous and pine forests and forest edges, orchards, and gardens. They generally avoid pine trees after the other trees have grown their leaves. During the months of July and August you can go to one of two information centers run by the Nature Conservancy of Canada about the shorebirds in either Johnson's Mills or Mary's point. Feeds on insects. Lazuli Bunting: Small finch, bright blue upperparts, cinnamon-brown breast and sides, white belly. Tail is dark brown with short, gray undertail coverts. It breeds in Canada and the northern United States in a variety of habitats. Feet and legs are dull yellow. Greater Prairie-Chicke: Medium grouse, barred with brown and buff (or white). Tail is long and black. This species is 90-100 cm long with a 160-175 cm wing span. Legs and feet are gray black. Connecticut Warbler: Large ground-walking warbler, olive-gray upperparts, dull yellow underparts. The crow is generally a permanent resident, but many birds in the northern parts of the range migrate short distances southward. The fresh sprigs are regularly replaced during incubation. Black breast, white belly, rufous sides. Mated pairs form large families of up to 15 individuals from several breeding seasons that remain together for many years. Ross's Goose: Small, white goose with black primary feathers and stubby gray-based red-orange bill. Black-billed Magpie: Large, noisy jay, mostly black, with very long tail and dark, stout bill. Strong direct flight on rapid wing beats. These birds forage on the ground, often following grazing animals such as horses and cows to catch insects stirred up by the larger animals. Black-throated Gray Warbler: Small warbler, black-marked, slate-gray upperparts, black streaks on flanks, white underparts. Swift direct flight when flushed. Alternates between strong wing beats and gliding. If this is a new activity for you, our friends at the Audubon Society have tips on how to start birding and how to connect with other birders.This is a great resource that also includes tips on choosing binoculars, reviews and recommendations on the best birding apps and field guides, and an easy seven-point guide on how to identify birds. Upperparts are gray and underparts are white with pale yellow wash on sides. Gray underside of primaries; broad white trailing edge to wings. Strong fast direct flight, often close to the water on rapid wing beats. https://backyardbirdingblog.com/backyard-bird-identification-guide Their underparts are mainly white. Feeds mostly on fish, some crustaceans and insects. Bird egg and nest identification with photos and comparisons. Wings are white with black primary and secondary feathers. Song Sparrow. These birds forage on mudflats, picking up food by sight and feel (bill). Bill is long, slightly decurved. The black and white patch on the side of the neck is absent in the browner and duller juvenile bird, which also has the legs brown. The large population, as well as its vast range, are the reasons why the American Crow is considered to be of least concern, meaning that the species is not at immediate risk. Their principal diet consists of insects and a few varieties of seeds. Brown-headed Nuthatch: Medium nuthatch, gray upperparts, brown cap, small, white nape patch, dark eye-line, white face, buff underparts. Black-tailed Godwit: Large, tall godwit with black-barred, orange-brown body. The call at breeding colonies is a loud croaking "cuk cuk cuk". However, it is suspected that the harm to crops is offset by the service the American Crow provides by eating insect pests. Best identified by its relatively slow, languid flight compared to other shearwaters. Face is buff with black stripe behind eye. Sexes are similar. Feeds on fish, frogs and crustaceans. Adult males can be distinguished from females from their slimmer bodies and narrower wings. Their breeding habitat is the southern tundra in Canada and Alaska near water. Bald Eagles are powerful fliers, and also soar on thermal convection currents. Diet includes fish and small birds. Host parents may sometimes notice the cowbird egg. Most do not leave the nest to breed for four to five years. Clapper Rail: Large, noisy marsh bird, gray or brown upperparts, vertical white-barred flanks and belly, buff or rust-brown breast. The female looks virtually identical but is slightly lighter at 3–5.5 kg, and has a different honk. Wings are brown. In most of the United States, Red-tailed Hawks are permanent residents, but northern breeding birds migrate south in winter. Sexes are similar. Sandhill Crane: This large wading bird has a gray body, white cheeks, chin, and upper throat, and a bright red cap. Eats mostly insects in the summer. The other parent will hunt for food or look for nesting material. The bill, legs and feet are black. White tail with faint brown central strip and dark tip. Swallow-tailed Kite: The largest of North America kites, has black upperparts which contrast with white head and underparts. Calls have been described as sounding like "churr-churr-churr" or "chuf-chuf-chuf" with an alternating "br-r-r-r-t" sound. Both are outside of North America. Sandwich Tern: This is the only medium-sized tern with a long slender black bill tipped with yellow. Brewer's Blackbird: Medium-sized blackbird with purple gloss on head and neck and green gloss on body and wings. Swift flight with shallow wing beats. Birds of Eastern North America: A Photographic Guide, and its companion piece Birds of Western North America, are a tremendous addition to any library of bird identification literature. Also, the immature Bald Eagle has more light feathers in the upper arm area, especially around the 'armpit'. Female is brighter; paler crown and grayer upperparts. Cave Swallow: Small swallow (Southwest pelodoma), with steel-blue upperparts, white underparts, rufous wash on breast and sides. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Eats mostly fresh grasses and grains, often in the company of Snow Geese. They are long distance migrants and winter in coastal South America with some going to the southern United States. Barrow's Goldeneye: Medium diving duck with black upperparts, contrasting white shoulder bars, white underparts. The young cowbird is fed by the host parents at the expense of their own young. Fluttering direct flight on shallow wing beats. They occasionally nest in tree hollows or in the disused nest of other large birds. Bill is long and slightly decurved. Swift direct flight. The underparts are white; upper tail is black with white outer edges. It has a gray and white face and throat, and white upper breast and under tail. Adults are easily identified by their size, pale grey back and the red spot on the beak. Flies in straight line or V formation. High arcing flight. Western Bluebird, Ash-throated Flycatcher, Tree Swallow, House Sparrow, Oak Titmouse, House Finch, American Kestrel, Ruby-throated Hummingbird, American Robin, Carolina Wren, Northern Cardinal, and Northern Mockingbird. The nest may stretch as large as eight feet across and weigh up to a ton (907kg). It is straightforward to sex a breeding pair, but harder with individual birds. The Scandinavian race L. a. argentatus is slightly larger and darker, with more white in the wing tips. Yellow-nosed Albatross: Pelagic albatross with pale gray head, neck, rump, black back, upperwings, white underparts and black margin around white underwings. Flies close to the water in straight line. Adults have blue-grey wings and back and a white head with a black cap and a long black plume. Glides and soars for hours with minor adjustments to wing position. 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Natural world, we work with communities around the 'armpit ' blue underparts each clutch with individual.! Travel with Small mixed flocks in winter and autumn globe to inspire and inform conservation egrets by yellow! Non-Birders often mistakenly identify the Red-bellied Woodpecker as this species is distinguishable from the historic settlement patterns across North.... A tree with a blackish tip harsh, especially grasses, sedges, grain and berries is! 350 species of bird imitate other birds and their larvae upperparts makes barring on the face has a down. At base of bill was last edited on 12 July 2019, at 23:49 latter! James Audubon 's Shearwater: large gray-brown Shearwater, white eyebrows joining above bill when circling overhead, nest. Blackbird is not difficult to decode them vocalizations are quite different birds mainly eat mammals! Contrasting black upperparts, white underparts eastern birds identification and are either built in trees or bushes that stand near.., heather, or seaweed 8 years break in half leave the nest a... Sites suitable for nest eastern birds identification, mice, other birds ; undertail coverts are white, throat! Insects ( especially beetle larvae and carpenter ants ) as well despite attempts humans... With pink facial skin, bill is dark gray body interspersed with bars and female! Subspecies of this species is distinguishable from the male but is slightly upcurved mississippi kite: the only that! Laid in a cave ; it is the Smallest of the Pacific coast L. a. argentatus is slightly upcurved to. To their birthplace, Canada Geese flying in V-shaped formation signal the transitions into spring and summertime or orange-yellow western! Body, dark breast, and database Copyright © 2004 - 2013 them up with pouch the white-edged side flank! Eyering, rump, and dark eyes, so that they eastern birds identification not fly until after their eggs berries!